Thyroid Disorder

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Thyroid Disorder

thyroid disorders

Have you ever heard about the butterfly-shaped gland in your body? Well, it is called the thyroid gland, and it helps in producing essential hormones of the body. A thyroid disorder is a condition in which the thyroid produces an excess or insufficient amount of hormones. Thyroid disorders are seen in every category of people. Dr. Manisha Saney is an esteemed and experienced doctor in thyroid treatment.

What are thyroid disorders and their causes?

Thyroid disease is a disorder of thyroid glands in your body. Thyroids are glands that use iodine to produce hormones that regulate the body's metabolic activity. Thyroid disorder is mainly caused by the swelling or inflammation of the thyroid. It can also be a result of autoimmune reasons or genetic reasons. If you have a family history of thyroid diseases, you have a high risk of having them. Women after childbirth are also likely to have thyroid diseases.

What are the different types of thyroid disorders?

    Thyroid diseases are of five types:
  • Hypothyroidism It is a condition in which the hormone produced by the thyroid is insufficient and reduces the body's metabolism.
  • Hyperthyroidism It is a condition in which the hormone produced by the body is excess and results in increased metabolic activity.
  • Goiter It is the enlargement or swelling of the thyroid.
  • Thyroid nodules The presence of lumps or cysts on the thyroid gland.
  • Thyroid cancer It is the development of cancerous cells on the thyroid.

What are the symptoms of thyroid disorders?

    The typical symptoms of thyroid diseases are:
  • Fatigue
  • Obesity
  • Dry skin
  • Constipation
  • Muscle weakness
  • Sensitivity to cold
  • Sagginess of face
  • Sore muscle
  • High cholesterol level
  • Swelling and pain in the joints
  • Irregular menstrual cycles
  • High pressure
  • Weight loss
  • Over sweating
  • Depression
  • Increased bowel movements
  • Swelling of the neck region
  • Nervousness
  • Increased heart rate

What are the diagnostic methods for Thyroid disorder?

Thyroid diseases are mainly diagnosed by physical exam and analysis of medical history. Specialized tests like blood tests, imaging tests, thyroid scans, fine needle aspiration, and biopsy are also used to diagnose thyroid disorders. Once the condition is diagnosed and confirmed, Dr. Manisha will start the treatment procedures accordingly.

What are the treatment options for Thyroid disorder?

Medications and surgery are the common treatment options for thyroid disorders. In cases of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, the doctor usually prescribes medications to reduce or increase the hormone level accordingly. Medications are also used to reduce the symptoms of different thyroid disorders.

In cases of cancer, if medications do not control the condition, the doctor might suggest you have surgery to remove the cancerous or malfunctioning part of the thyroid gland.

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